Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Other Names:

Cavalier

Price Range:

$500 – $3,000

Size:

Small

Dog Group:

Toy

Coat Length:

Medium

Energy:

Medium

Kid Friendly:

High

Life Expectancy:

9-14 years

Available in these colours:

Characteristics & Tendencies:

TENDENCY TO DIG10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

SNORING10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

DROOLING10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

EXERCISE NEEDS10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

GROOMING NEEDS52%

52%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

BARKING30%

30%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

APARTMENT FRIENDLY

HYPOALLERGENIC

About the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier is a comfort-loving dog and one of Australia’s favourite breeds! Their soft, floppy-eared appearance matches their sweet-tempered and gentle temperament, making them the perfect playmate for young children. Because of their loving nature, they also are often used as therapy dogs as well.The breed is small, and loves snuggling up to their owner’s laps and receiving lots of cuddles and affection.

Traditionally, this breed was developed by cross breeding King Charles Spaniels with Pugs, giving them their signature short and stubby nose. They were popular pets for many royal and noble English families dating back to the 16th century, and even used to warm laps during long carriage trips.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels possess a strong prey drive, and therefore enjoy chasing small moving objects and animals, including low-flying birds and even butterflies. They are best suited to homes with a fenced yard, and enjoy a couple of long daily walks to keep their energy levels up. Because of their sporting nature, they are often successful in conformation shows, excelling in obedience and agility.

Cavaliers come in a range of colours, donning a medium-long coat requiring moderate levels of maintenance and grooming. They are expected to life until 9-14 years, and unfortunately are more prone to health issues compared to other dog breeds.

FEEDING

How much do Cavaliers eat?

1 – 1.5 cups of food a day

TEMPERAMENT

Are they kid-friendly?

Playful and love being around kids

EXERCISE

How much exercise?

30 minutes of daily exercise

LIVING

Do they need a lot of space?

Great for apartment living

Top health issues

What are the most common health issues for Cavalier King Charles Spaniels?

  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Syringomyelia
  • Episodic Falling
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry Eye)

IN DETAIL

Common Cavalier King Charles Spaniel diseases & conditions, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in detail:

Feeding

How much does a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel eat?

The Cavalier should be fed a high-quality dog food appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some Cavaliers are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. If you choose to give your dog treats, do so in moderation. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Give table scraps sparingly, if at all, especially avoiding cooked bones and foods with high fat content. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet.

Shedding

How often does the fur fall off?

Shedding level for Cavaliers is average due to their beautiful, silky coat and they tend to shed most in the spring and fall months. Regular brushing two or three times a week can remove dead hairs so they don’t collect on your floor, furniture, and clothing. However, if having any amount of dog hair in the house bothers you, this breed may not be for you since they are definitely a house dog.

Grooming

Are Cavalier King Charles Spaniels high maintenance?

Cavaliers are fairly easy to groom and maintain. Aside from regular brushing 3 or 4 times a week, they will also need bathing every 2 weeks or as necessary. Be sure to brush carefully around their ears and behind their legs as this is generally where tangles and mats form due to the feathering. Although some owners like to take this breed to get their feathering trimmed, it is also perfectly fine to let it grow out and take form naturally.

Check your Cavalier’s ears regularly and wipe them out with a cotton ball to prevent any buildup. Brush his teeth daily to best avoid tartar buildup and gum disease. Trim his nails if he doesn’t wear them down himself. And get into the habit of checking him each time you groom for sores, rashes, tender spots, infections, etc. It’s best to catch these things early before they become too serious.

Exercise

How much exercise does a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel need?

Although the Cavalier was bred to be a beloved lap dog, this breed descends from sporting dogs and does enjoy moderate exercise and outdoor activities. He will happily go on walks with his owner and also performs well in a number of canine sports, but he’s just as glad to stay on the sofa all day. Cavaliers should not be allowed off leash because they retain scenting and hunting instincts, and they may not come when called if they’ve found an interesting trail to follow or a creature to pursue. A fenced yard is recommended.

Your Cavalier will enjoy a daily walk or romp in the yard and will tailor his activity level to your own. They will adapt to whatever amount of exercise you feel able to give but do need some regular exercise or they will put on the pounds.

Vet Visits

How often should a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel visit the vet?

Veterinary care is essential to a dog’s health and wellbeing, however the frequency of treatment and checkups will depend on the dog.

Scheduled six-monthly health check visits with your vet are important to ensure your Cavalier is healthy and happy throughout all life stages. In these annual visits, your vet will complete a physical examination, take your dog’s temperature and check his heartbeat, among other things. Routine maintenance for your dog gives you a chance to track your dog’s growth and development and discuss any concerns with your vet, and forms a key part of preventative care.

Family Suitability

Are Cavalier King Charles Spaniels kid-friendly and sociable with humans?

Cavaliers are an ideal family dog because they are so versatile. They love sitting on your lap for hours, but are always willing to jump up and play with anyone who’s ready for some fun. They do especially well with older children, but will need supervision with toddlers to be sure both the dog and child play nicely. Keep in mind that Cavaliers don’t like to be left alone for long hours, so be sure that someone is always in the house to keep them company.

Cavaliers are extremely loving, especially to their owners who they will grow a strong attachment to, but also to any and all strangers! They generally have a calm nature which makes them a good choice for apartment living. They love the opportunity to cuddle on your lap but are also always up for a good adventure. They are smart and athletic and especially good at bird flushing. They have large, dark puppy-dog eyes, and they definitely know how to work them to get what they want, so be careful not to spoil them too much. They will likely follow you all around the house and don’t do well if left alone, so make sure there is always someone there to keep them company.

Trainability

Are Cavalier King Charles Spaniels difficult to train?

Training the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels is not troublesome. They respond well to mild obedience training, but for best results they need a dominant and obvious pack leader.

When it comes to training, Cavaliers are generally intelligent and willing to try whatever it is you’d like them to do. Food rewards and positive reinforcement help ensure that training goes smoothly. Cavaliers have a soft personality, so yelling at them is counterproductive and likely to send these sweeties into the sulks or into hiding. Instead, reward them every time you see them doing something you like, whether it’s chewing on a toy instead of your Prada pumps or not barking in response when the dog next door barks. They’ll fall all over themselves to find more things that you like.

They are smart and train easily, and Cavaliers excel in a number of canine sports including obedience, rally, and agility.

Compatibility with other pets

Do Cavalier King Charles Spaniels get along with other dogs or cats?

Cavaliers are known to play well with cats, especially if the cat doesn’t mind a little bit of rough play. However, Cavaliers tend to have a strong prey instinct and should not be left alone with cats or other pets, particularly without supervision. Make sure you begin socialising your Cavalier and cat from a young age to be sure both learn to play nicely. Their ability to bond with larger and smaller dogs makes them ideal in houses with more than one breed of dog as long as the other dog is trained. Overall, they are quite tolerant of other pets in the home.

Need for company

How often do they need to be around humans?

Cavaliers love to be with people and shouldn’t be left alone for long periods of time. They are highly affectionate and thrive on companionship.They will likely follow you all around the house and don’t do well if left alone, so make sure there is always someone there to keep them company. If left alone for too long, they may become stressed and experience separation anxiety. This may lead to undesirable behaviours such as barking, whining or chewing destructively.

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