Bouledogue Francais, Frenchie
$3,500 – $4,000
Available in these colours:
French Bulldogs come in a variety of colours, primarily Brindle and White. Rarer colours include Blue, Fawn, Tan, Cream, Red with different combinations of White. Any white should be clear with no ticking or spots.
Characteristics & Tendencies:
TENDENCY TO DIG10%
About the French Bulldog
The French Bulldog, also known as the “frog dog” or the “clown dog”, was first bred in England to resemble a miniature Bulldog. Demand for the dog increased in Paris, earning its ‘French’ name. The Frenchie is known for its ‘bat’-like ears and its adorable, portable size. Standing at around 30 cms in height and weighing approximately 10-15 kilograms, this breed is a muscular dog with a short coat. He doesn’t require large amounts of exercise, and does well in smaller living spaces such as apartments.
This breed is extremely fond of people, and has a charming and playful personality. He is full of courage, bright and easy going. As he thrives on attention, he is suited to homes where his family will be home majority of the time. The Frenchie would much prefer living indoors with his family rather than in the backyard.
As they are a brachycephalic, or ‘flat-faced’ breed, they should have access to air conditioning; it is difficult for them to regulate their body temperatures. Frenchies are also known to snort, snore and grunt. Most French Bulldogs cannot swim, so take care if they are around water.
Top health issues
What are the most common health issues for French Bulldogs?
- Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
- Corneal Ulcers
- Hip Dysplasia
Common Staffordshire Bull Terrier diseases & conditions, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in detail:
Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS) is a pathological condition common to short-nosed dogs, which may lead to severe respiratory distress. Predisposed dog breeds include Pugs, Boston Terriers, Pekingese, Boxers, Bulldogs and Shih-Tzus, which all possess a normal lower jaw and a compressed upper jaw. BOAS refers to the combination of four different anatomical abnormalities that contribute to the condition, including: an elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, everted laryngeal saccules and a hypoplastic trachea. These components all impact the dog’s difficulty of breathing, which leads to distress and increases the respiratory and heart rate. BOAS is treated with partial resection of the soft palate (staphylectomy), nares and laryngeal saccules. These procedures are designed to reduce the amount of tissue blocking the flow of air to the lungs, improving the quality of life for BOAS-affected dogs.
Von Willebrand Disease (vWD) is an inherited bleeding disorder arising from a deficiency in the Willebrand factor protein (vWF). Like hemophelia A, an inherited blood clotting defect in human beings, vWD affects dogs and breeds at high risk should be screened before being allowed to breed. Breeds routinely tested include Golden Retrievers, Shetland Sheepdogs, Rottweilers, Miniature Schnauzers, German Shepherds, Standard Poodles and Scottish Terriers. There are three types of the disease, classified into Type I, II and III, defined by the quantity and structure of plasma vWF. Clinical signs include a mild to severe bleeding tendency, and bruising of the skin. Many dogs with vWD actually don’t require treatment unless a surgery is planned or lose a lot of blood due to an injury. Due to its hereditary nature, unfortunately there is no prevention or cure for vWD. If your dog has vWD, make sure to notify your veterinarian.
Megaesophagus is a common disorder in canines that refers to slow motility with resultant dilation of the esophagus, which is the organ that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. A megaesophagus is similar to a deflated balloon – it passively collects food under water, until a point where the dog regurgitates all that he has just swallowed. Breeds generally prone to this disorder include German Shepherds, Great Danes, Shar-peis, Greyhounds and Labrador Retrievers. There are two types of megaesophagus: congenital, which is developmental and causes regurgitation starting when puppies begin eating solid food, and acquired, which occurs later in life. Symptoms include bad breath, fever, abnormal lung sounds, muscle weakness and wasting from slow starvation. Treatment for megaesophagus is focused on managing the symptoms by preventing regurgitation and allowing food to move through to be digested.
The cornea describes the transparent, shiny membrane that makes up the front of the eyeball. It has four layers, and corneal ulceration refers to a break in the outermost layer, the “epithelium”. With a corneal ulcer, fluid is absorbed from the tears, giving a cloudy appearance to the eye. Corneal ulcers are commonly caused by blunt trauma, such as a dog rubbing its eye on the carpet, or a laceration, such as a cat scratch or contact with a sharp object. Some breeds, such as Boxers, have genetic corneal abnormalities predisposing them to ulcers. A corneal ulcer is diagnosed by examination and use of “fluorescein stain”, which adheres to ulcerated areas. Simple superficial corneal ulcers will heal on their own in three to ten days depending on its size. For deeper ulcers, more aggressive treatment will be necessary, such as multiple eye drops as pain and anti-inflammatory medications by month.
Pannus refers to the abnormal growth of tissue over the cornea, and commonly affects Frenchies. It is a lifelong problem that can typically be managed, but not cured. Both eyes are affected although one may appear worse than the other. Usually a pinkish film begins to develop at the outer aspect of the cornea, the clear outer covering of the eye, spreading towards the middle of the eye. Pannus may be diagnosed by an eye examination. Predisposing factors also include ultraviolet light, high altitudes and smoke. The goal of treatment is to halt the progression of the disease and achieve remission. It is recommended that you discuss with your veterinarian whether referral to a veterinary ophthalmologist would be best for you and your pet.
Due to their active lifestyles, hip dysplasia is not a rare occurrence in French Bulldogs. Hip dysplasia is a genetic disease that causes the hip joints to form improperly and is the primary cause of painful hip osteoarthritis in dogs. It generally occurs in large or giant breed dogs, however can also occur in smaller breeds as well. It is usually affected by factors such as excessive growth rate, types of exercise, improper weight and nutrition. Symptoms of hip dysplasia may show in dogs when they are as young as four months of age, whilst for others the disease may develop in conjunction with osteoarthritis as they age. These symptoms may include decreased activity, difficulty or reluctance rising, jumping or running, lameness in the hind end, loss of thigh muscle mass, pain and stiffness.
Hip dysplasia is diagnosed radiographically by the presence of degenerative changes and/or subluxation of the hip joint(s). There are multiple treatment options ranging from lifestyle modifications to surgery. These may include physical therapy, joint supplements or anti-inflammatory medications, or common surgeries such as double or triple pelvic osteotomy (DPO/TPO), femoral head ostectomy (FHO) or total hip replacement (THR).
How much does a French Bulldog eat?
French Bulldogs should do well on a high-quality dog food diet, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval.
Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior) and adjustments will be required as their needs change with age. Some dogs are prone to getting overweight so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
How often does the fur fall off?
The Frenchie’s short, smooth coat sheds minimally. Brushing him once a week, with a rubber grooming mitt or tool, or a de-shedding glove, will be helpful to remove dead hair and maintain his appearance. The hair that is shed is very fine, and is not too noticeable. The Frenchie’s shedding may increase during changes of seasons. Twice a year, the breed loses its undercoat.
Are French Bulldogs high maintenance?
The French Bulldog has moderate grooming needs. Aside from weekly brushing, monthly bathing is usually sufficient to keep him clean. In warmer months, bathe him more regularly. When bathing, ensure the skin between his folds are dried thoroughly. Use a high-qualty dog shampoo to ensure the natural oils of the dog’s skin and coat are maintained. Routine nail trimming and ear cleaning should also be incorporated into the dog’s grooming regimen. Clean his ears with a damp warm cloth, and run a cotton swab around the edge of the canal to check for any bad smells. Trim his nails every few weeks, as overly long nails may cause the dog pain.
How much exercise does a French Bulldog need?
The Frenchie has low energy and low exercise needs. However, this does not give them an excuse to be couch potatoes! Frenchies are prone to putting on extra weight, so it is important to incorporate regular exercise into their routine. Whilst they may not do well as a running companion, brisk walks are great ways to ensure your dog gets enough exercise. A couple of 15 minute walks a day should be adequate to satisfy their exercise needs. As Frenchies are prone to heat-related problems, they should be kept to play inside in warmer weather. They should never be allowed to exert themselves in hot or humid weather. Limit their walks and active play to cooler periods in the mornings and evenings. Due to their short and stout build, they are also poor swimmers. Frenchies enjoy canine sports including obedience, agility and rally.
How often should a French Bulldog visit the vet?
French Bulldogs are disproportionately affected by certain health issues. They are susceptible to overheating, as a result of their single, short coat and breathing difficulties. This makes it impossible to regulate their own temperatures efficiently, and therefore easily becomes cold, and be prone to heat stroke in hotter weather. Its weight should also be regulated, due to its smaller size.
Veterinary care is essential to a dog’s health and wellbeing, however the frequency of treatment and checkups will depend on the dog. Scheduled six-monthly health check visits with your vet are important to ensure your French Bulldog is healthy and happy throughout all life stages. In these annual visits, your vet will complete a physical examination, take your dog’s temperature and check his heartbeat, among other things. Routine maintenance for your dog gives you a chance to track your dog’s growth and development and discuss any concerns with your vet, and forms a key part of preventative care.
Are French Bulldogs kid-friendly and sociable with humans?
The French Bulldog has a great reputation for getting along with everyone. He thrives when he is included as a part of the family, and is suited for many different living environments. As human connection is very important to this breed, any living environment with people is sufficient for the Frenchie.
The Frenchie gets along well with children, and is often playful and affectionate. The breed is patient and agreeable, and gets along fairly well with other breeds. They are quietly attentive, and will often follow their humans around the house. This breed needs human contact, and commonly forms a special bond with one person. They also make great watch dogs.
Are French Bulldogs difficult to train?
This breed has a big personality, which may make them difficult to train at times. They are intelligent dogs, but also free thinkers. They can be stubborn, so a firm and patient hand is required when training. However, they do not respond well to being treated harshly or yelled at. As sensitive dogs, they do much better with positive reinforcement, with lots of food rewards, praise and play. Training sessions should also be kept short and fun.
Frenchies are also stronger than they look. This may present a challenge to first-time dog owners, during leash training, for example. Strong leadership is encouraged when training your dog.
Compatibility with other pets
Do French Bulldogs get along with other dogs or cats?
When they are socialised to them during puppyhood, Frenchies can get along well with other dogs and cats. Overly spoiled Frenchies, however, may be jealous toward other dogs, especially if those other dogs are getting attention from the Frenchie’s very own person.
If raised together with a cat or dog, they may be able to coexist, but some Frenchies will chase cats and other small pets. A Frenchie who hasn’t been socialised to other pets may show aggression towards dogs of the same sex. A Frenchie can show jealousy and competition in a multi-dog household.
Early socialisation and puppy training classes are recommended. Exposing the puppy to a wide variety of people, places, and situations will help him develop into a well-adjusted adult. Puppy training classes serve as part of the socialisation process, promote good behavior, and help the owner learn to recognise and correct bad habits.
Need for company
How often do they need to be around humans?
The French Bulldog thrives on close human contact. He loves human company, and will often follow his humans around the house. He also shows large amounts of affection. This breed will often seek out anyone willing to offer their lap. As a companion animal, they will not do well if left alone for long periods of time. As a result, they may experience separation anxiety, which will cause them to act destructively.
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