Bullmastiff.

Other Names:

Mastiff

Price Range:

$500 – $3,000

Size:

Extra Large

Dog Group:

Working

Coat Length:

Short

Energy:

Medium

Kid Friendly:

High

Life Expectancy:

8-10 years

Available in these colours:

Characteristics & Tendencies:

TENDENCY TO DIG10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

SNORING93%

93%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

DROOLING93%

93%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

EXERCISE NEEDS52%

52%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

GROOMING NEEDS52%

52%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

BARKING10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

APARTMENT FRIENDLY

HYPOALLERGENIC

About the Bullmastiff

A large domestic dog, the Bullmastiff has a solid build and a short muzzle. The breed was originally developed in the 1800’s and called the ‘Gamekeeper’s Night Dog’ as they were used to catch poachers and guard estates. The base stock of the Bullmastiff was 60% English Mastiff and 40% Old English Bulldog.

Today they are a docile domestic dog who is intensely loyal to his family. Though usually mild-mannered, the powerful Bullmastiff is also serious and self-assured. He is afraid of nothing, and once aroused will seldom back down.

Their coats are short, hard and weatherproof and come in fawn, red or brindle. Bullmastiff puppies (up to two or three years old) can be rambunctious and have an aversion to keeping all four feet on the ground at the same time. They can also be quite headstrong and boisterous, especially during adolescence.

Though sensible with strangers, the Bullmastiff does have well-established protective and territorial instincts. He must be thoroughly socialized at an early age so that he learns to distinguish friend from foe.

The Bullmastiff can be quite demanding in its feeding requirements and as a breed they are reputed to have individual feeding needs.

Tremendously strong and stubborn, Bullmastiffs are inclined to do things their own way and will test members of the family. However, he will respond to early, consistent obedience training that includes leadership, cheerful praise, and food rewards. They are strong, powerful but sensitive dogs and consistency is needed for a bullmastiff to become a well-behaved family member.

They are natural guardians of their home and owners and are very protective of their family and other household pets.

FEEDING

How much do Bullmastiffs eat?

3 1/8 – 4 1/8 cups of food a day

TEMPERAMENT

Are they kid-friendly?

They are affectionate around kids, but suspicious of strangers

EXERCISE

How much exercise?

40 minutes of daily exercise

LIVING

Do they need a lot of space?

A space with a yard is all a Bullmastiff needs

Top health issues

What are the most common health issues for Bullmastiffs?

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Skin Allergies

IN DETAIL

Common Bullmastiff diseases & conditions, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in detail:

Feeding

How much does a Bullmastiff eat?

The Bullmastiff can be quite demanding in its feeding requirements. As a breed they are reputed to have individual feeding needs. As adults they should be fed twice daily, the breeder will recommend a suitable feeding programme for your dog. Because of their risk of bloat, exercise is not recommended immediately before or after eating. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be avaiable at all times.

Shedding

How often does the fur fall off?

Bullmastiffs are generally light shedders. Their coat is short and dense, offering great protection against rain, snow and cold weather. Their shedding is generally seasonal.

Grooming

Are Bullmastiffs high maintenance?

Grooming the Bullmastiff is relatively easy, their coats are easily to maintain with a quick daily brushing. This low-maintenance breed should only be bathed as needed. Check their skin and coat to ensure they are protected from major dryness or oiliness, which may lead to other potential health conditions. Also be sure to check their skin for any hot spots, which are typically found in areas where heat and moisture may build up. These areas include near the base of the tail or under the body, but may also appear in other areas such as the neck or ears.

Exercise

How much exercise does a Bullmastiff need?

Despite its muscly build, the Bullmastiff does not require high amounts of exercise. They only require a few walks per day for adequate exercise and mental stimulation. This breed should not have long walks or be allowed to have alot of free exercise until it reaches about 12 months old. Over-exercising a Bullmastiff when they are young may lead to potential bone and joint-related health problems later in life. Bullmastiffs generally enjoy brisk walks and regular outdoor play.

Vet Visits

How often should a Bullmastiff visit the vet?

Veterinary care is essential to a dog’s health and wellbeing, however the frequency of treatment and checkups will depend on the dog. Scheduled six-monthly health check visits with your vet are important to ensure your Bullmastiff is healthy and happy throughout all life stages. In these annual visits, your vet will complete a physical examination, take your dog’s temperature and check his heartbeat, among other things. Routine maintenance for your dog gives you a chance to track your dog’s growth and development and discuss any concerns with your vet, and forms a key part of preventative care. Bullmastiffs are a large breed with heavy bones. Because of this, many Bullmastiffs are prone to conditions such as hip and elbow dysplasia, as well as gastric dilatation-volvulus and hypothyroidism.

Family Suitability

Are Bullmastiffs kid-friendly and sociable with humans?

Bullmastiffs have a high suitability for children and humans. They are quite gentle and affectionate with family members, and possesses a family-oriented loyalty. This breed is generally good-natured, and eager for fun with friends and family. In most situations, Bullmastiffs are fine with children once they get to know them, and as long as the children have been taught to respect and behave appropriately with the dog. However, due to their large size, supervision is essential when the dog is around small children as it may accidentally knock them over. At the same time, Bullmastiffs are a natural guardian of the home and family, and will be quick to become defensive of their family if they feel threatened. Bullmastiffs were originally bred to be silent watchdogs, which may explain their protective tendencies. Therefore, Bullmastiffs require early socialisation to be able to trust people over time.

Trainability

Are Bullmastiffs difficult to train?

Bullmastiffs need consistent training to become well-behaved. They need a committed trainer with the time and dedication to ensure this large breed is socialised so he can develop a sound personality. It is encouraged to enrol your Bullmastiff into puppy classes, and expose them to other dogs and owners from early puppyhood. Early socialisation is crucial due to this breed’s independence. Bullmastiffs are inteligent dogs, but may be stubborn and strong-willed. They can often grow to be headstrong and boisterou,s particularly during their adolescent stage, so firm handling is needed. A Bullmastiff’s strengths include its agility, obedience, rally and event scent work and tracking. During training, they dislike repeating the same actions over and over, so a special approach should be taken to their training. Trainers are encouraged to use positive reinforcement techniques, rather than physical punishment, and be confident when training this breed.

Compatibility with other pets

Do Bullmastiffs get along with other dogs or cats?

Bullmastiffs are best suited to live as single pets in the home, and may be less tolerant of a family’s animal members compared to its human members. Therefore, any other pets should be introduced early to encourage friendship. They may act aggressively toward other dogs and are best suited to live with dogs of the opposite sex.

Need for company

How often do they need to be around humans?

Bullmastiffs have a high need for company, and highly enjoy spending time with their family. They need love and patience, and in return will be a very loving, loyal companion. They are high-spirited and take a lively interest in their surroundings.

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