Bingley Terrier, Waterside Terrier
$800 – $1,500
Available in these colours:
Airedale Terriers come in Black & Tan and Red Grizzle.
Characteristics & Tendencies:
TENDENCY TO DIG93%
About the Airedale Terrier
Known as the “king of terriers” for his size, Airedales were created to be large and fearless hunters of ducks and rats, and no doubt did some poaching on the side. They range in height between 58 and 61 cms for males, and 56 and 59 cms for females. Both dogs and bitches should weigh around 22 kg.
Airedales’ heads should be well-balanced with little apparent difference between the length of skull and foreface. Their skull should be long and flat, not too broad between the ears and narrowing very slightly to the eyes. The scalp should be free from wrinkles, stop hardly visible and cheeks level and free from fullness. Ears should be V-shaped with carriage rather to the side of the head, not pointing to the eyes, small but not out of proportion to the size of the dog. The topline of the folded ear should be above the level of the skull.
Probably some crosses were made with Irish and bull terriers as well to help create this tough, good-sized hunter. Airedales not only hunt vermin but have been successfully used on large game and as defence and security dogs. Most American Airedales trace their ancestry back to CH Master Briar, a British dog brought over to the United States near the turn of the century.
Airedales can still be seen today working as hunting dogs for both large and small game, in police work, and as wonderful family companions. Airedales are seen in agility and obedience competitions as well.
Top health issues
What are the most common health issues for Airedale Terriers?
- Hip Dysplasia
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
- Umbilical Hernia
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
Common Airedale Terrier diseases & conditions, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in detail:
Due to their active lifestyles, hip dysplasia is not a rare occurrence in Airedale Terriers. Hip dysplasia is a genetic disease that causes the hip joints to form improperly and is the primary cause of painful hip osteoarthritis in dogs. It generally occurs in large or giant breed dogs, however can also occur in smaller breeds as well. It is usually affected by factors such as excessive growth rate, types of exercise, improper weight and nutrition. Symptoms of hip dysplasia may show in dogs when they are as young as four months of age, whilst for others the disease may develop in conjunction with osteoarthritis as they age. These symptoms may include decreased activity, difficulty or reluctance rising, jumping or running, lameness in the hind end, loss of thigh muscle mass, pain and stiffness.
There are a number of allergies in dogs. The main types of allergies include skin allergies, food allergies and environmental allergies, which all pose challenges for dogs and their owners. It is important to note that symptoms for different allergies can overlap as well. Skin allergies are the most common type of allergic reactions, and are primarily caused by flea allergy dermatitis, food allergies or environmental allergens. Food allergies may range in symptoms from skin conditions (hives, facial swelling, itchiness), gastrointestinal signs (vomiting and/or diarrhoea) or a combination of both. Perhaps the most alarming of all types of canine allergies is an acute allergic reaction. Dogs, like people, may go into anaphylactic shock if they have a severe reaction to an allergen. The best way to treat an allergy is avoidance of the cause and allergen. In addition to any necessary lifestyle modifications, your veterinarian may prescribe medication for your dog to help control the signs associated with the allergic reaction.
Hypothyroidism refers to a condition where the thyroid gland, which produces hormones, Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3), is dysfunctional and does not produce these hormones as required by the body. Common symptoms include weight gain, poor coat, reduced activity level and irritability. Diagnosis is by means of blood tests, and hypothyroidism is easily treated with an inexpensive thyroid supplement. Pet owners should have their vet periodically check their dogs, especially if they show any symptoms.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a late onset, inherited eye disease affecting many breeds of dogs. It affects the retina, which is the picture screen at the back of the eye, and causes the blood vessels of the retina to atrophy and die. The first symptom noticed is usually dilated pupils – a ‘glow’ or increased ‘eye shine’, and the dog may appear to have difficulty seeing in the dark or dusk (“night blind”). Breeds commonly affected include Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Labrador and Golden Retrievers and Rottweilers. There is no cure for PRA, however an eye exam by a registered Ophthalmologist will diagnose the disease. DNA testing for late consent PRA is available, and is done by taking a cheek swab of your Border Collie. The PRA DNA test identifies one type of PRA, which is related to night blindness. There are another two types of PRA, for which there are currently no DNA tests available.
An umbilical hernia refers to a separation in the abdominal wall where the umbilical cord connects to the fetus (i.e. the belly button). These are congenital and most common in puppies, with predisposed breeds including Airedales, Pekingese and Basenjis. If your dog has an umbilical hernia, you will notice that their belly button has been replaced by a squishy protrusion. Symptoms include coughing, drooling, shortness of breath and vomiting. Small umbilical hernias will generally be treated at the time of spay or neuter. If it is large, surgery will be required to repair the hernia. Whilst there is no real way to prevent a hernia, spaying or neutering your dog will have the greatest impact on preventing several types of hernias.
Von Willebrand Disease (vWD) is an inherited bleeding disorder arising from a deficiency in the Willebrand factor protein (vWF). Like hemophelia A, an inherited blood clotting defect in human beings, vWD affects dogs and breeds at high risk should be screened before being allowed to breed. Breeds routinely tested include Golden Retrievers, Shetland Sheepdogs, Rottweilers, Miniature Schnauzers, German Shepherds, Standard Poodles and Scottish Terriers. There are three types of the disease, classified into Type I, II and III, defined by the quantity and structure of plasma vWF. Clinical signs include a mild to severe bleeding tendency, and bruising of the skin. Many dogs with vWD actually don’t require treatment unless a surgery is planned or lose a lot of blood due to an injury. Due to its hereditary nature, unfortunately there is no prevention or cure for vWD. If your dog has vWD, make sure to notify your veterinarian.
How much does an Airedale Terrier eat?
Airedale Terrier puppies between 8 and 12 weeks need four bowls of food every twenty-four hours. Feed pups 6 months old to one year old 2 times per day. By the time your airedale terrier reaches his first birthday, one bowl daily is typically all that’s required. Some adult airedale terriers might eat two lighter helpings. It’s your duty to adapt to your airedale terrier’s eating schedule. The Airedale Terrier should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
How often does the fur fall off?
The Airedale Terrier is not known for extreme shedding, their double coat does not shed so a helping hand is needed to remove the dead hair underneath. A daily brush and weekly hand stripping is recommended to keep them in tip top condition.
Are Airedale Terriers high maintenance?
The Airedale’s coat may be either trimmed with clippers or by stripping (a process by which the coat is thinned and shortened with a sharp, comb-like tool called a stripping knife), or a mix of both. The family Airedale doesn’t have to be trimmed, but most owners do have him groomed by a professional groomer three to four times a year to give him a neat appearance. Brush your Airedale’s teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Daily brushing is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.
Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn’t wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. His ears should be checked weekly for redness or a bad odour, which can indicate an infection. Begin accustoming your Airedale to being brushed and examined when he’s a puppy. Handle his paws frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you’ll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he’s an adult.
How much exercise does an Airedale Terrier need?
Terriers are generally known for their high energy levels. Given that the Airedale is the largest of all terriers, that energy must be channeled into safe outlets. Airedale Terriers were traditionally bred for active work, so it is recommended to take them for long daily walks, or give them backyard time several times a day. This breed will usually remain active throughout his life, so would do best in a home with a large, fenced yard. Airedales are swift, agile swimmers, although care should always be taken when letting your dog near water. This breed also enjoys playing with a ball and retrieving objects. Without adequate exericse, this breed is likely to become restless and bored, and develop destructive habits.
How often should an Airedale Terrier visit the vet?
A yearly visit to the vet should be part of a good Airedale health care routine. Older Airedales, or those with known health conditions, may need to be seen more frequently to ensure that the vet stays on top of any changes in overall health. A regular veterinary visit will help identify any possible issues and concerns, plus it will keep your Airedale up to date on vaccinations and boosters. In these visits, your vet will complete a physical examination, take your dog’s temperature and check his heartbeat, among other things. Routine maintenance for your dog gives you a chance to track your dog’s growth and development and discuss any concerns with your vet, and forms a key part of preventative care.
Are Airedale Terriers kid-friendly and sociable with humans?
Airedales love to play with other family members. They play well with children, but interactions with toddlers and smaller children should be closely supervised. Airedales are rangy but strong; that strength, combined with a boisterous personality, can lead to mishaps. Airedale Terriers are very good with children and are fondly called reliable babysitters. However, children and dogs should never be left unsupervised. Early socialisation is important. Airedales can be quite stoic, and owners must be cautioned to be aware of any injuries. You can count on your Airedale to sound an alarm for danger and he will have the courage to back up that alarm.
Are Airedale Terriers difficult to train?
Because of the Airedale’s size (he is a medium-sized dog, but the largest of the terrier breeds), strength, and rambunctiousness, obedience training is highly recommended. Airedales are fairly easy to train as they are very intelligent. However, they are also stubborn and their idea of training may be different from yours! At a minimum, an Airedale should learn basic obedience commands such as come, sit, and stay. The breed’s intelligence and the fact that they bond closely with family members can make training easy. Owners and trainers should keep in mind that an intelligent dog is an easily bored dog, so varied training sessions will be more successful than repetitive ones. Airedales are treat-motivated in training, and respond well to positive reinforcement methods. Also, an easily bored dog who is often left alone for long periods of time will tend to develop undesirable behaviors. It often helps to provide the dog with challenging toys that will keep him happily occupied.
Compatibility with other pets
Do Airedale Terriers get along with other dogs or cats?
The Airedale gets along well with other dogs in his household, as long as he is properly socialised and trained. However, at times he may try to dominate other dogs. Known to be an avid hunter, this breed may also exhibit some aggression towards other animals he sees as prety, including cats, rabbits and hamsters. He has herding characteristics, with a propensity to chase animals. Nevertheless, Airedales can do well with cats and other animals as long as he is raised alongside them.
Need for company
How often do they need to be around humans?
The Airedale is a lively breed, and he needs plenty of mental and physical exercise. Don’t leave him alone for long periods of time, or he is likely to become bored, which leads to the aforementioned destructive behaviors. This breed normally loves to please, and make devoted companions to their owners and families. Airedales love their families, and are enthusiastic whenever playing. They are playful and adventurous, and are constantly attentive.
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