Affenpinscher.

Other Names:

Affen, Affie, African Terrier, Monkey Dog, Monkey Terrier

Price Range:

$1,800 – $2,500

Size:

Small

Dog Group:

Toy

Coat Length:

Medium

Energy:

High

Kid Friendly:

Low

Life Expectancy:

12-14 years

Available in these colours:

Characteristics & Tendencies:

TENDENCY TO DIG10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

SNORING10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

DROOLING10%

10%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

EXERCISE NEEDS52%

52%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

GROOMING NEEDS52%

52%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

BARKING93%

93%

|
LOW

|
MEDIUM

|
HIGH

APARTMENT FRIENDLY

HYPOALLERGENIC

About the Affenpinscher

Described by the French as the “diablotin moustachu,” or moustached little devil, the Affenpinscher is a charming, compact-sized dog, characterised by his unusual facial appearance, with a protruding lower jaw and lip. He has a wiry coat and a square body, weighing around 2.9 to 6 kg and standing at 23 to 30cm tall at the withers. The breed has impressive forepaw dexterity and also has a penchant for grappling and tossing toys.

The Affenpinscher was created to be a ratter, working to remove rodents from kitchens, granaries, and stables. Bred down in size, they moved up in the world, becoming ladies’ companions. Today, they are happy, mischievous companion dogs. Generally a quiet dog, the Affenpinscher may exhibit a terrier spark and fire when excited. Affenpinschers are generally fearless toward any threat.

The Affenpinscher has a mind of his own and is often labelled as stubborn. He needs early and consistent training. Fortunately, he’s eager to learn and to please his people when he’s taught with positive reinforcement techniques such as praise, play, and food rewards. He can compete in obedience and agility, and his entertainment ability makes him a wonderful therapy dog.

FEEDING

How much do Affenpinschers eat?

0.25 to 0.5 cups of food a day

TEMPERAMENT

Are they kid-friendly?

This breed is not naturally inclined to like children

EXERCISE

How much exercise?

20 to 40 minutes of daily exercise

LIVING

Do they need a lot of space?

They are active indoors, and do not need a large yard

Top health issues

What are the most common health issues for Affenpinschers?

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Legg-Perthes Disease
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Heart Murmurs

IN DETAIL

Common Affenpinscher diseases & conditions, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in detail:

Feeding

How much does an Affenpinscher eat?

As a toy dog, your Affenpinscher will not require large amounts of food. Two meals a day of up to 1/4 cup of dry dog food will be sufficient. The amount will vary by the dog’s size, age, and activity level. Your dog’s needs will change throughout its lifespan. Keep your Affenpinscher trim by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. Some dogs are prone to getting overweight so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

Shedding

How often does the fur fall off?

Although they are in the hypoallergenic category of dog breeds, Affenpinschers do indeed shed. While Affenpinschers require little grooming, it is advised that their coats be stripped on a regular basis to retain its characteristic texture. A simple technique, stripping involves pulling the dead, dull hair out, leaving the shiny new hair behind. Diligent stripping dramatically reduces shedding.

Grooming

Are Affenpinschers high maintenance?

The Affenpinscher has a medium-length, wiry coat that should be groomed twice a week, with a small slicker brush. Any mats should be pulled apart with the fingers. It can help to spray them with detangler solution first. The hair on the head is usually brushed forward over the face, and then an inverted V-shape is cut to expose the eyes. Similarly, the hair on the bridge of the nose is trimmed into a fan shape to keep the eyes clear. The Affen’s coat does not grow quickly, so a trimming a pet Affen every few months is enough. Other grooming needs include dental hygiene and nail care. Trim nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn’t wear them down naturally. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they’re too long. Short, neatly trimmed nails keep the feet in good condition and prevent your legs from getting scratched when your Affenpinscher enthusiastically jumps up to greet you.

Exercise

How much exercise does an Affenpinscher need?

While Affenpinschers can be perfectly happy living in close quarters, the breed is classified as “moderately active,” and as such, they do need exercise. Daily walks, or other activities such as indoor play, either with his owner or toys, will be adequate to keep the Affenpinscher physically and mentally stimulated. Suitable periods of time in a fenced backyard is also a great way to take care of his exercise needs. He has an athletic ability, and when paired with his intelligence, allows him to excel in canine sports including agility, obedience and rally.

Vet Visits

How often should an Affenpinscher visit the vet?

The Affen is a hardy breed, with an average life expectancy between 12 to 14 years. However, they may be susceptible to health issues such as patellar luxation, Legg-Perthes disease and hip dysplasia. Veterinary care is essential to a dog’s health and wellbeing, however, the frequency of treatment and checkups will depend on the dog.

Scheduled six-monthly health check visits with your vet are important to ensure your Affenpinscher is healthy and happy throughout all life stages. In these annual visits, your vet will complete a physical examination, take your dog’s temperature and check his heartbeat, among other things. Routine maintenance for your dog gives you a chance to track your dog’s growth and development and discuss any concerns with your vet and forms a key part of preventative care.

Family Suitability

Are Affenpinschers kid-friendly and sociable with humans?

Smart and courageous, the Affenpinscher makes a delightful household companion. They are fearless protectors, which make them great watchdogs, however, he can be completely unaware of his size at times. This may result in jumping off high beds or climbing fences, so ensure care is taken around the house. The Affen is also easily excitable, so it may take a while to calm him down, particularly if he feels threatened.

Affenpinschers do not have much tolerance for younger children, as they do not like aggressive behaviour such as hitting, unwarranted squeezing or chasing. They may defend themselves by growling or snapping, and therefore do not suit households with young children. Affens also love to entertain their owners, whether that be through manipulating toys or “singing”, making them wonderful therapy dogs. His clown-like charm makes him suitable for a family who likes entertainment and has a good sense of humour.

Trainability

Are Affenpinschers difficult to train?

Basic obedience training is recommended for Affenpinschers. Affenpinschers have a bold, and sometimes fiesty temperament, giving them an undeserved reputation of having low trainability. As they are independent-minded and stubborn at times, it is essential that his owner is consistent and patient. Ensure that his training incorporates variety so that he will not become bored. Shorter, more frequent sessions will usually be more effective in training your Affen. Nevertheless, Affens are very intelligent dogs and generally eager to please humans they have formed bonds with. Affens can be easily trained with positive reinforcement techniques including praise, play and food-motivated rewards.

Compatibility with other pets

Do Affenpinschers get along with other dogs or cats?

Staffies were originally bred to fight other dogs and most have retained a strong prey drive. They must be trained to control their temperament traits to truly become a perfect pet. It is imperative that from the beginning a Stafford puppy have clear and consistent training. They should not only learn the rules, but also accept that they must always follow them.They are able to live with other breeds if managed correctly and need to respect a pecking order. The top positions of this hierarchy must be held by the family members (including children). They can be good with cats and other animals if introduced with caution. They are terriers which means they have guts and will retaliate if challenged.

Although not looking for trouble, the Staffordshire will not back down to a challenge and is not always agreeable with other dogs.

He definitely does not love other dogs, however, and he’s also not too fond of cats, although a few Staffords that are raised with other household pets can live with them in harmony.

Need for company

How often do they need to be around humans?

Owing to its heritage as a rodent hunter, Affenpinschers typically are not compatible with small pets, particularly rodents. He is able to get along with cats, as long as he is socialised with them early on. However, their terrier-like personality means that they are quite territorial when it comes to toys and food, so Affens can show aggression if they feel threatened. Like most toy breeds, Affens are also completely unaware of their size and will not be afraid to take on dogs much larger than themselves.

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